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Disaster Management

Disaster Management is more than just reaction and assistance. It is in fact a systematic process established on the significant management principles of planning, organizing, and leading and coordinating. Disaster Management targets to reduce the negative and unconstructive influences of unfavorable events.


One of the oldest civilizations in the world and dating back at least 5,000 years - The Indus Civilization is spread over much of what is presently Pakistan. The location of Pakistan is Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea, between India on the east and Iran and Afghanistan on the west and China in the north Geographically and demographically the country as a whole is exposed to natural/man made calamities and disasters:

  • Seasonal / Flash floods
  • Droughts
  • Earthquakes
  • Communal Violence

Disasters can not be barred, but the adverse effects can be minimized and diminished. Tameer Int’ls Disaster Management web page aims to give a through insight to the disaster management practice. This section provides links to download, view publications from Pakistan as well as around the globe. Disaster management is a cyclical recurring process; the end of one phase is the beginning of another, however one phase of the cycle does not necessarily have to be completed consecutively for the next to take place. Often several phases are taking place parallel. Timely decision making during each phase results in greater preparedness, vigilance, better warnings, reduced vulnerability and the avoidance of future disasters. The entire disaster management cycle comprises of the shaping of public policies and plans that either addresses the causes of disasters or mitigates their effects on people, property, and infrastructure.

The mitigation and preparedness phases occur as improvements are made in anticipation of an event. By embracing development, a community’s ability to take the edge off against and prepare for a disaster is improved. As the event unfolds, disaster managers become involved in the immediate response and long- term recovery phases.

Definition of the phases in the disaster Management Cycle:

Mitigation: Measures put in place to minimize the results from a disaster. Examples: building codes and zoning; vulnerability analyses; public education.


Awareness: Planning how to respond. Examples: preparedness plans; emergency exercises/training; warning systems.


Response: Initial actions taken as the event takes place. It involves efforts to minimize the hazards created by a disaster. Examples: evacuation; search and rescue; emergency relief.


Recovery: Returning the community to normal. Ideally, the affected area should be put in a condition equal to or better than it was before the disaster took place. Examples: temporary housing; grants; medical care.

Downloads & Publications:

Act to Provide for the Establishment of Natural Disaster Management System for Pakistan. {Click here to view}

National Disaster Management Framework {Click here to download}

Extract from preface by Lt. Gen. (Retd.) Nadeem Ahmed Chairman National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA): This Framework prepared with active participation of multiple stakeholders serves as a vision document for leading the way towards a safer Pakistan. The Framework provides guidelines to coordinate activities of numerous stakeholders. It also sets out priorities for mobilization of resources from donors and development partners of Pakistan to implement strategic activities during the next five years.